Japanese Red Cross Toyata College of Nursing > About the Red Cross

Beyond the walls of nationality, race and religion,  we want to relieve the suffering of people.

Introduction of the Red Cross

In 1859, a Swiss, Henri Dunant, observed the site that 40,000 soldiers who were deceased or wounded were abandoned at a hard-fought field of Italian unification in Solferino. He provided aid activities regardless of enemies and allies. His book that described the disastrous scene and the necessity for aid triggered the establishment of the International Committee of the Red Cross in 1863.In the following year, Geneva Conventions (the Red Cross Treaty) was sealed to save war casualties, and the International Red Cross was formally established. Currently, as a humanitarian agency, the Red Cross was established in 188 countries including Japan, and is operating activities to protect people’s lives, health and dignity.

Without any discrimination, the Red Cross protects people’s lives, health and dignity.


Under any circumstances, we will strive to prevent and reduce people’s suffering.


We will not discriminate based on nationality, race, religion, social status and political belief.


To obtain the trust from everyone, we will not participate in any conflict.


In accordance with the laws of each country, we will always follow the fundamental principles of the Red Cross to maintain our independence.

Voluntary service

We will voluntarily act to save people without seeking profits.


As a sole organization of the Red Cross in a country, we will conduct activities that are open to everyone.


Utilizing the worldwide Red Cross network, we will cooperate and take actions.

The mark of the Red Cross

In Geneva Conventions, the mark of Red Cross is stipulated as “Emblem of protection”, which indicates that the aiding agency/facility for casualties is neutral, and no one should carry out an attack. Showing the respect to the home country of the founder of the Red Cross, Henri Dunant, the Red Cross employed the reversed color arrangement of the national flag of Switzerland as the base of the mark.
In Islamic countries, Red Crescent has been used. In 2005, Red Crystal was newly adopted.

Beyond medical services, the Red Cross extends its activities further.

“Gathering our wish to save people who are suffering, under any circumstances, we will protect people’s lives, health and dignity.” This is the mission of the Japanese Red Cross. Based on the fundamental principles of the Red Cross, the organization is developing the activities to realize the mission.
International activities
The Japanese Red Cross dispatch aid staff including doctors and nurses to the sites of armed conflicts related to countries, ethnic groups and religions as well as natural disasters overseas. In addition, it is promoting measures to contain the damage from disasters.
Aid activities
It dispatches aid staff that consists of doctors and nurses at the time of natural disasters such as the Great East Japan Earthquake and large-scale traffic accidents. It also saves and distribute relief supplies, and collects and allocates contributions.
Medical activities
It operates various medical facilities including over 90 hospitals in Japan. Many of the Red Cross hospitals are appointed as a disaster base hospital. It provides medical services at the time of disaster, and trains aid staff.
Human development activities (nurses, etc.)
The Japanese Red Crossed established six colleges of nursing, six graduate schools, one junior college and 17 schools of nursing. In addition to curriculum set by the government, the schools provide the courses on the fundamental principles of the Red Cross, disaster relief and international aid.
Blood-related activities
Through the Red Cross Blood Centers, blood donation rooms and mobile blood banks, it accepts the donation of blood preparing for disasters and provides people who need blood infusion, operating 24 hours a day.
Welfare activities
It runs child welfare facilities, social participation support facilities for physically handicapped people and welfare facilities for the elderly in Japan. In addition, having each facility as its base, it provides home care support activities to local communities.
Training of first aid, etc.
It offers training on how to save people’s lives at the time of emergencies and how to live safely. There are five training courses including first aid and water safety. Participants can take various license certified by the Red Cross.
The Red Cross activities and volunteer
The organization operates the Red Cross Volunteer Corps in which currently over 2 million people participates as well as the Junior Red Cross that aims to foster healthy character building through practical activities at school.

History and current status of the Japanese Red Cross

The forerunner of the Japanese Red Cross Society, Hakuaisha, was established by two senators, Tsunetami Sano and Yuzuru Ogyu, who felt the necessity for wartime relief activities during Satuma Rebellion of 1877. Currently, the Japanese Red Cross Society is a certified entity established based on the Japanese Red Cross Act enacted in 1952. It is providing a wide range of activities including health, medical, welfare services and education all over Japan.